A survey conducted by the DPP in June 2013 showed that 77.6% consider themselves Taiwanese.  On the issue of independence and unification, 25.9 per cent said they supported the association, 59 per cent supported independence and 10.3 per cent preferred the status quo. Asked whether Taiwan and China were part of a country, the party said 78.4% of respondents agreed with 15 percent. 70.6% disagree on whether Taiwan and China are two districts in one country, and 22.8% agree, according to the poll. D) To the question, among four descriptions – “one country on each side,” “a special relationship between the state and the state,” “one country, two domains” and “both sides are one country” – they find them the most acceptable, 54.9 percent said “one country on each side,” 25.3 percent chose “a special relationship between state and state,” 9.8 percent said “one country on each side. , “two zones” and 2.5 percent “two sides are of a country,” the survey showed. In early 1950, U.S. President Harry S. Truman seemed to accept the idea that sovereignty over Taiwan was already settled when the U.S. State Department declared that “Formosa was handed over to Generalissimo Chiang-Kai Shek, in accordance with these [Cairo and Potsdam], and over the past 4 years, the United States and other allied powers have accepted the exercise of Chinese authority on the island.”  However, after the outbreak of the Korean War, Truman decided to “neutralize” Taiwan, claiming that otherwise it could trigger another world war. In June 1950, President Truman, who had previously given only passive support to Chiang Kai-shek and was ready to see Taiwan fall into Chinese Communist hands, promised to stop the spread of communism and sent the American Seventh Fleet into the Taiwan Strait to prevent the People`s Republic of China from attacking Taiwan, but also to prevent the ROC from attacking mainland China. He went on to say that “the determination of Formosa`s future status must wait for the restoration of security in the Pacific, a peace settlement with Japan or the undauster review.”  Later, in his special message to Congress in July 1950, President Truman stated that “all issues concerning Formosa will be resolved by peaceful means, as stipulated in the Charter of the United Nations.”  The People`s Republic of China has condemned its actions as blatant interference in China`s internal affairs.
According to a November 2005 Continental Affairs Council survey, 37.7% of people living in the ROC support maintaining the status quo until a decision can be made in the future, 18.4% are in favour of maintaining the status quo for an indeterminate period, 14% in favour of maintaining the status quo until eventual independence, 12% in favour of maintaining the status quo until eventual reunification 10.3% are in favour of independence as soon as possible. 2.1% are in favour of reunification as soon as possible.