The word “restitution” was used in the old Common Law to refer to the return or restoration of a particular thing or condition. In modern legal use, their importance has often been expanded to include not only the restoration or restitution of something to their rightful owner and the return to the status quo, but also compensation, reimbursement, compensation or compensation for benefits resulting from or for losses or injuries inflicted on another. In summary, the term “restitution” therefore means the abandonment of a benefit or the return of money or other property improperly obtained to the person whose property originates.  In Attorney General v Blake, an English court was confronted with the following claim. The accused had made a profit somewhere in the order of $60,000 as a direct result of the breach of his contract with the complainant. The applicant was undoubtedly entitled to damages, but had suffered little or no apparent harm. She therefore decided to seek a refund because of the illegality of the offence. The applicant won the case and the defendant was asked to pay his profits to the applicant. However, the Tribunal indicated that the normal legal response to a breach of contract was to award compensation. A restitution order was only possible in exceptional cases. If the property in question cannot be identified in a particular way, the return is a remedy. This is the case, for example, when the applicant “requests a judgment that imposes personal liability for the payment of a sum of money.”  Unfair enrichment and quantum menuit are sometimes identified as types of remedies.  In the law of the offence, the refund applies to the compensation measure necessary to put the applicant back in the position he held prior to the commission of the unlawful act.
If, for example.B. a person is injured by another person, the victim may withdraw medical expenses and lost wages as replacement damages. Other civil damages differ from the damage caused by restitution, as they are not based on the amount required to bring the victim back to his or her previous status. Punitive damages are, for example. B, claims against a civil accused for the purpose of sanctioning the defendant`s conduct, not for reimbursement. A group of delinquent teenagers is recovering by repainting a graffiti-covered wall. The AP/WIDE WORLD PHOTOS benefits either the victim of the crime or the community. If a victim can be identified, a judge will order the accused to return the victim.
For example, if an accused is convicted of stealing a stereo, the accused may be convicted of repaying the victim for the value of the stereo, in addition to sentences such as jail time and fines. The second reason for restitution is the restitution of injustice. In this case, the applicant argues that there is a breach of contract or an unlawful act, but instead of claiming damages reflecting the harm suffered, he seeks a refund that reflects the profit that the defendant obtained from the breach. As we have seen with the contracts, this is an exceptional and very unusual remedy in cases where it is a case of infringement of property rights.