Below is a list of topics that a shareholders` agreement can deal with (this list is not exhaustive): participation rights and tag along rights are important forms of making investments in a shareholders` agreement. As a general rule, minority shareholders subject to a towing right should not and are not expected to provide insurance and guarantees other than capacity and securities. This is done on the basis that they have no control over the guarantee package agreed by the selling majority shareholder in the sales document. The first option may expose minority shareholders to the risk that the majority shareholder may obtain a near-total economic exit by selling a significant majority stake (but not the entire stake), without triggering the Tag Along provisions. A shareholders` agreement is beneficial for both the shareholders who invest in your company and the directors who run your business. While you can of course design the shareholders` agreement at a later stage, it is a good idea to design and agree on it at the beginning in order to avoid any complications later on, shareholders should change their attitude towards the management of the company or the expectations towards the company. From the company`s point of view, the shareholders` agreement provides a solid and unified framework, which imposes how the company`s managers should operate in certain situations, for example. B who consult, whether they wish to grant shares to new investors or offer options to key employees. This can ensure the stability of the company in case of disagreement or conflict in the future. A Russian roulette clause is a mechanism that is sometimes used to solve valuation problems when a member sells his shares. The shareholder (1) may inform the other shareholders who propose to transfer all his shares of the company to another shareholder (2) at a price fixed by the shareholder (1). The shareholder (2) must then accept the shareholder`s offer (1) and buy the shares at the indicated price, or he must sell all his shares to the shareholder (1) at the same price per share. One of the main concerns of shareholders in negotiating shareholder agreements is to limit the transfer of shares to third parties who are (possibly competitors or parties) with whom they can cooperate.
ROFR or ROFO mechanisms are introduced in various ways into such concerns This flexibility can, however, lead to conflicts between a shareholders` agreement and a company`s constitutional documents. . . .