If none of the above criteria is met, an agreement with a vertical restraint may be reviewed in accordance with Article 101. A number of measures must be taken to determine whether and how Article 101 may apply to a vertical restraint. The ICC recognises the Single Economic Unit (SEE) doctrine and generally does not subject agreements between undertakings aligned to the same group for consideration in Section 3 of the Competition Act (which includes the prohibition of vertical restraints). While the ICC is making companies lose the usefulness of the see doctrine, it is likely that it will test de facto and de jure the control of a joint venture over management and business, including the business decisions of related companies. Under what circumstances does antitrust law on vertical restraints apply to agent principal agreements in which a company undertakes to provide certain services on behalf of a supplier in exchange for a commission related to the sale? Thirdly, if the agreement does not contain severe vertical restraints, are the parties` positions on the relevant markets so weak that the Commission`s de minimis notice can apply? If the de minimis disclosure criteria are met (question 8), the Commission will not consider the agreement to fall within the scope of Article 101(1) as it does not `appreciably` restrict competition. Describe all formal procedures for the notification of agreements that involve vertical restraints to the competent authority responsible for the enforcement of anti-dominant rules. To our knowledge, CCI`s examination of resale price limitations has not yet focused primarily on the efficiency gains resulting from such restrictions. The Commission has taken an increasingly cost-effective approach to assessing individual restrictions. As such, it takes into account a number of factors in its analysis.
The factors that are generally taken into account in determining whether restrictions in vertical agreements fall within the scope of Article 101(1) are listed in the Commission`s vertical guidelines, namely: suppliers` position on the market; the buyer`s position in the market; competing market positions; barriers to entry; ready to be placed on the market; the level of trade concerned by the agreement; and the nature of the product concerned. The position of suppliers in the market is probably the most important of these factors. What are the investigative powers of the competent authority for the enforcement of anti-cartel rules with regard to the application of the prohibition of vertical restraints? During the seventeen years from 1 January 2001 to 1 January 2018, the Commission adopted some 17 infringement decisions against the vertical restraints provided for in Article 101. This only applies to cases where the Commission: is there a single point with regard to the assessment of vertical restraints in your area of competence, which is not dealt with above? Provided that they do not contain basic restrictions (as defined in the Block Exemption Regulations), several vertical agreements may benefit from the Block Exemption Shield, thus circumventing the prohibition in Article 4. . . .