Intergovernmental pacts are interstate-negotiated treaties. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the term “compact” should be understood as a “treaty.”  Interstate states are the only method authorized by the U.S. Constitution for states to significantly alter their mutual relations.  As such, they provide a mechanism for states to create, among other things, intergovernmental agencies, often referred to as “commissions” or “authorities,” to address problems more effectively than in large conurbations, for example, which cover parts of several states, and to resolve disputes between states cooperatively instead of resorting to litigation.  As a treaty, an intergovernmental pact primarily concerns the rights and obligations of states that have chosen to become contracting parties and their respective citizens, since the pact is promulgated by their respective legislators. However, some compacts go so far as to target the effect (if any) of this pact on states that are not contracting parties. A pact may contain provisions that stipulate that the pact does not affect other agreements that the parties may enter into with non-partisan states.  Alternatively, a pact can define how non-compressant states can participate in pact-related activities.  For example, the Interstate Pest Control Compact (which is no longer in force) provided that the pact`s board of directors or its executive committee could not spend funds from an insurance fund created by the pact in a non-condensed state, unless it was justified by the conditions in that state and the benefits to the contracting states of the Covenant. , and that it cannot impose conditions for such expenditures.  International agreements are formal agreements or commitments between two or more countries.
An agreement between two countries is described as “bilateral,” while an agreement between several countries is “multilateral.” Countries bound by countries bound by an international convention are generally referred to as “Parties.” Most early intergovernmental pacts resolved border conflicts, but since the early 20th century, compacts have increasingly been used as a tool for government cooperation.  In some cases, an agreement will create a new multi-governmental authority to manage or improve some shared resources, such as a seaport or public transport infrastructure. The treaties between states that were ratified after American independence in 1776, until the ratification of the present U.S. Constitution in 1789, according to the articles of confederation, are treated as intergovernmental pacts. These include agreements such as the Beaufort Treaty, which established the georgia-South Carolina border in 1787 and is still in force.